Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology’s Laboratory of Nanobiotechnology (LNANO) in Brasilia, Brazil has announced the recent adoption of 3D bioprinting technologies. According to researchers from the lab, the center’s new bioprinters will enable them to manufacture increasingly complex and realistic biological structures for agricultural research.
3D bioprinting technology, which has been increasingly explored in various scientific and medical fields across the globe, will be used by the Brazilian researchers to build complex microorganisms and bio-structures in a three-dimensional environment. Prior to 3D bioprinting, cultivation methods for cells relied on flat, two-dimensional layering processes.
Luciano Paulino da Silva, the researcher at Embrapa who is leading the bioprinting effort, explains: “In traditional cultivation methods, cells are deposited in flat layers (2D) in culture microplates, forming a single layer for biological activity testing.”
“We intend to develop three-dimensional frameworks containing cells as well as biological structures that allow us to mimic the conditions we would have within a three-dimensional structure found in living organisms.”
In other words, by building up cellular structures in three dimensions, it becomes possible to create them in a more realistic fashion, more closely mimicking how cellular structures form and behave in a living organism.